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At the Ottawa 2010 Conference in Miami, a series of Consensus Statements was commissioned by the Local Organising Committee to highlight best practice in assessment. Six statements were produced as a result of Ottawa 2010, five of which have been updated in the intervening period. A further three statements have been produced, with one more currently in preparation. 

Th process


International groups of experts come together to review and reflect on assessment practice in defined areas, with the aim of producing evidence-based Consensus Statements and Recommendations. The groups meet online and work over the course of approximately one year to produce a draft report as the basis for discussion at an upcoming Ottawa Conference. Conference participants are invited to contribute to workshops and other formats on the subject of the report to ensure it is comprehensive and widely representative.  The final Consensus Statements are published in Medical Teacher

Already published

Already published

Performance Assessment

Katharine Boursicot, Luci Etheridge, Zeryab Setna, Alison Sturrock, Jean Ker, Sydney Smee & Elango  

Sambandam (2011). Performance in assessment: Consensus statement and recommendations from the Ottawa conference, Medical Teacher, 33:5, 370-383, DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.565831 


Katharine Boursicot, Sandra Kemp, Tim Wilkinson, Ardi Findyartini, Claire Canning, Francois Cilliers & Richard Fuller (2021). Performance assessment: Consensus statement and recommendations from the 2020 Ottawa Conference, Medical Teacher, 43:1, 58-67, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2020.1830052 

Assessment for Selection 

David Prideaux, Chris Roberts, Kevin Eva, Angel Centeno, Peter McCrorie, Chris McManus, Fiona Patterson, David Powis, Ara Tekian & David Wilkinson (2011). Assessment for selection for the health care professions and specialty training: Consensus statement and recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 Conference. Medical Teacher 33, pp 215-223, DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.551560

F. Patterson, C. Roberts, M. D. Hanson, W. Hampe, K. Eva, G. Ponnamperuma, M. Magzoub, A. Tekian & J. Cleland (2018) 2018 Ottawa consensus statement: Selection and recruitment to the healthcare professions. Medical Teacher, 40:11, 1091-1101, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1498589

Assessment of Professionalism

Brian David Hodges, Shiphra Ginsburg, Richard Cruess, Sylvia Cruess, Rhena Delport, Fred Hafferty, Ming-Jung Ho, Eric Holmboe, Matthew Holtman, Sadayoshi Ohbu, Charlotte Rees, Olle Ten Cate, Yusuke Tsugawa, Walther Van Mook, Val Wass, Tim Wilkinson & Winnie Wade (2011). Assessment of professionalism: Recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 Conference. Medical Teacher 33, pp 354-363, DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.577300 


Brian Hodges, Robert Paul, Shiphra Ginsburg & the Ottawa Consensus Group Members  (2019). Assessment of professionalism: From where have we come – to where are we going? An update from the Ottawa Consensus Group on the assessment of professionalism, Medical Teacher, 41:3, 249-255, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1543862  

Criteria for Good Assessment

John Norcini, Brownell Anderson, Valdes Bollela, Vanessa Burch, Manuel João Costa, Robbert Duvivier, Robert Galbraith, Richard Hays, Athol Kent, Vanessa Perrott & Trudie Roberts (2011). 

Criteria for good assessment: Consensus statement and recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 Conference. Medical Teacher 33 pp 306-214, DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.551559


John Norcini, M. Brownell Anderson, Valdes Bollela, Vanessa Burch, Manuel João Costa, Robbert Duvivier, Richard Hays, Maria Felisa Palacios Mackay, Trudie Roberts & David Swanson (2018). 2018 Consensus framework for good assessment, Medical Teacher, 40:11, 1102 1109, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2018.1500016 

Assessment of Interprofessional Learning Outcomes

Gary D. Rogers, Jill E. Thistlethwaite, Elizabeth S. Anderson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren, Ruby E. Grymonpre, Monica Moran & Dujeepa D. Samarasekera (2017). International consensus statement on the assessment of interprofessional learning outcomes, Medical Teacher, 39:4, 347-359, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2017.1270441 

Technology-enabled Assessment/
Technology Enhanced Assessment 

Zubair Amin, John R. Boulet, David A. Cook, Rachel Ellaway, Ahmad Fahal, Roger Kneebone, Moira Maley, Doris Ostergaard, Gominda Ponnamperuma, Andy Wearn & Amitai Ziv (2011) 

Technology-enabled assessment of health professions education: Consensus statement and recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 conference. Medical Teacher 33, pp 364-369, DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2011.565832 


Richard Fuller, Viktoria CT Goddard, Vishna D Nadarajah, Tamsin Treasure-Jones, Peter Yeates, Karen Scott, Alexandra Webb, Krisztina Valter, Eeva Pyorala (2022). Technology enhanced assessment: Ottawa consensus statement and recommendations, Medical Teacher, 44:8, 836-850, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2022.2083489 

Programmatic Assessment 

Sylvia Heeneman, Lubberta H. de Jong, Luke J. Dawson, Tim J. Wilkinson, Anna Ryan, Glendon R. Tait, Neil Rice, Dario Torre, Adrian Freeman & Cees P. M. van der Vleuten (2021). Ottawa 2020 consensus statement for programmatic assessment – 1. Agreement on the principles, Medical Teacher, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2021.1957088 


Dario Torre, Neil E. Rice, Anna Ryan, Harold Bok, Luke J. Dawson, Beth Bierer, Tim J. Wilkinson, Glendon R. Tait, Tom Laughlin, Kiran Veerapen, Sylvia Heeneman, Adrian Freeman & Cees van der Vleuten (2021). Ottawa 2020 consensus statements for programmatic assessment - 2. Implementation and practice, Medical Teacher, DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2021.1956681 

In preparation

In preparation

Ottawa 2022

Ottawa Consensus Statement: Big Data Research in Assessment and Medical Education:  Ethics, Equity, and Emerging Practices 

Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Lawrence Grierson, Saad Chahine, Jennifer Cleland, Daniel Schumacher, Eric Holmboe

Ottawa 2024

Ottawa Consensus Statement: Managing assessment during curriculum change

Richard Hays et al.

Ottawa 2026

Ottawa Consensus Statement: Simulation and assessment (working title)

AMEE Simulation Committee 

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